TOKYO, Aug 2, 2023 - (ACN Newswire) - The Tohoku Region West Coast CCS initiative, a joint proposal by ITOCHU Corp, Nippon Steel Corp, Taiheiyo Cement Corp, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, ITOCHU Oil Exploration Co Ltd, INPEX Corp, and Taisei Corp, has been selected by the Japan Organization for Metals and Energy Security (JOGMEC) to conduct a feasibility study for the Japanese Advanced CCS Project(1), a publicly offered project in FY2023.(2)
Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) set a goal of launching a public offering of carbon capture and storage (CCS) value chain operators by 2030, including carbon dioxide (CO2) emitting companies, and a number of advanced CCS projects for the social implementation of CCS, which is positioned as a means for decarbonization that should be fully harnessed, particularly in hard-to-abate industries(3), to achieve two targets of the Japanese government: carbon neutrality by 2050 and a 46% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (from FY2013 levels) by FY2030.
Given the above governmental policy and targets as the background, four companies, ITOCHU, MHI, INPEX and Taisei announced on January 26 that they would carry out a study for launching a joint project relating to the separation, capture, ship transportation and storage of CO2 emitted particularly from hard-to-abate industries, selecting prospective sites for CO2 storage in Japan. Subsequently, Nippon Steel and Taiheiyo Cement are participating in the Initiative as CO2 emitting companies, and CIECO, a core operating company in the ITOCHU oil and natural gas development business actively involved in CCS and other decarbonization projects, joined the seven companies in conducting the Study.
Aiming to launch a concrete CCS value chain project by FY2030, the seven companies will identify technical issues in the entire CCS value chain as well as commercial and social acceptability issues, based on the overall concept of shipping to transport CO2 separated and captured at specific plants of Nippon Steel and Taiheiyo Cement, to sites appropriate for CO2 storage.
Nippon Steel announced Carbon Neutral Vision 2050 in its medium- to long-term management plan in March 2021. The vision says that the company aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 30% by 2030 from the 2013 level and achieve carbon neutrality in 2050. Nippon Steel positions CCS as one of the most important key technologies to achieve these targets along with high-grade steel production in large-sized electric arc furnaces, hydrogen injection into blast furnaces (Super-COURSE50) and hydrogen direct reduction of iron.
Taiheiyo Cement announced Carbon Neutral Strategy 2050 in its May 2021 medium-term management plan. March 2022.The company also announced a 2030 Interim Target, a 20% or more reduction in CO2 emission intensity in the entire supply chain from 2000 level in March 2022. In line with these goals, the company is accelerating the implementation of its carbon neutrality initiatives.
While it is possible to reduce energy-derived CO2 emissions to zero by converting to green energy sources, such as hydrogen, ammonia, and synthetic methane, CO2 emissions from raw materials cannot be reduced to zero as long as limestone is used, which is a major challenge the cement industry continues to face. To address the challenge, Taiheiyo Cement is primarily undertaking initiatives to develop innovative technologies, including the separation and capture of CO2 in the course of cement production and CCS, and CCU technology that makes it possible to use CO2 as a new resource.
In the Study, the seven companies will collaborate and actively work toward the early social implementation of CCS and the realization of a sustainable society in Japan.
Roles of each company in "the Initiative":
Schedule for "the Initiative":
Image of large-scale and wide-area CCS value chain project using ship transportation:
(1) For the purpose of supporting the diffusion and expansion of CCS projects, the separation and capture, transportation and storage of CO2 in connection with the Japanese Advanced CCS Project, 'the Study" is designed to cluster CO2 emission sources and create CO2 storage hubs to achieve larger scale projects and reduce costs.
(2) The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and JOGMEC announce "the Initiative" project for "the Study" (June 13).
"Full-scale Commencement of Japanese CCS Projects: JOGMEC Selects 7 Japanese Advanced CCS Candidate Projects" METI - https://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2023/0613_001.html
"First Step to Launch the Japanese CCS Project: JOGMEC selects 7 projects, starting with CO2 storage by FY2030" JOGMEC - https://www.jogmec.go.jp/english/news/release/news_10_00036.html
(3) The materials industry is expected to have difficulty achieving decarbonization merely by electrification, the introduction of hydrogen and other means
(4) "Four Companies Announce Joint Feasibility Study of Large-Scale Wide-Area Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Value Chain Project Using Ship Transportation", MHI - https://www.mhi.com/news/23012602.html
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